Publications

Publications

Andreoli, V. A., Worchel, S., & Folger, R.  (1974).  Implied threat to behavioral freedom.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30, 765‑771.

Insko, C. A., Worchel, S., Folger, R., & Kutkus, A.  (1975).  A balance theory interpretation of dissonance.  Psychological Review, 82, 169‑183.

Folger, R.  (1977).  Distributive and procedural justice:  Combined impact of "voice" and improvement on experienced inequity.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 108‑119.

Hillard, J. R., & Folger, R.  (1977).  Patients' attitudes and attributions concerning electroconvulsive shock therapy.  Journal of Clinical Psychology, 33, 855‑861.

Worchel, S. Andreoli, V. A., & Folger, R.  (1977).  Intergroup cooperation and intergroup attraction:  The effect of previous interaction and outcome of combined effort.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 556‑564.

Folger, R., Rosenfield, D., & Hays, R. P.  (1978).  Equity and intrinsic motivation:  The role of choice.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 556‑564.

Reprinted in D. Katz, R. L. Kahn, & J. S. Adams (Eds.), The study of organizations:  Findings from field and laboratory (pp. 265‑274). San Francisco: Jossey‑Bass, 1980.

Folger, R., Rosenfield, D., Hays, R. P., & Grove, R.  (1978).  Justice versus justification effects on productivity:  Reconciling equity and dissonance findings.  Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 22, 465‑478.

Folger, R., Rosenfield, D., Grove, J., & Corkran, L.  (1979).  Effects of "voice" and peer opinions on responses to inequity.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 2243‑2261.

Rosenfield, D., Folger, R., & Adelman, H.  (1980).  When rewards reflect competence:  A qualification of the overjustification effect.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(3), 368‑376.

Tyler, T. R., & Folger, R.  (1980).  Distributional and procedural aspects of satisfaction with citizen‑police encounters.  Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 1, 281‑292.

Brickman, P., Folger, R., Goode, E., & Schul, Y.  (1981).  Micro and macro justice.  In M. J. Lerner & S. C. Lerner (Eds.), The justice motive in social behavior:  Adapting to times of scarcity and change (pp. 173‑202).  New York:  Plenum.

Folger, R.  (1982).  European group dynamics:  A pastiche of perspectives.  Contemporary Psychology, 26, 115‑116.

Rosenfield, D., Greenberg, J., Folger, R., & Borys, R.  (1982).  The effect of an encounter with a black panhandler on subsequent helping for blacks:  Tokenism or confirming a negative stereotype?  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 8, 664‑671.

Folger, R., Rosenfield, D., Rheaume, K.  (1983).  Roleplaying effects of likelihood and referent outcomes on relative deprivation.  Representative Research in Social Psychology, 13, 2‑10.

Folger, R., Rosenfield, D., Rheaume, K., & Martin, C.  (1983). Relative deprivation and referent cognitions.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 19, 172‑184.

Folger, R., Rosenfield, D., & Robinson, T.  (1983). Relative deprivation and procedural justifications.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 268‑273.

Greenberg, J., & Folger, R.  (1983). Procedural justice, participation and the fair process effect in groups and organizations.  In P. B. Paulus (Ed.) Basic group processes (pp. 235‑256).  New York: Springer-Verlag.

Folger, R.  (1984). Emerging issues in the social psychology of justice.  In R. Folger (Ed.), The sense of injustice:  Social psychological perspectives (pp. 3‑24).  New York: Plenum.

Folger, R.  (1984). Perceived injustice, referent cognitions, and the concept of comparison level.  Representative Research in Social Psychology, 14, 88‑108.

Folger, R.  (1984). Rain in a bucket:  Publicly capturing private experience.  Contemporary Psychology, 29, 325.

Mark, M. M., & Folger, R. (1984). Responses to relative deprivation:  A conceptual framework.  Review of Personality and Social Psychology, 5, 192‑218.

Folger, R., & Belew, J. (1985). Nonreactive measures in organizational settings:  A focus for research on absenteeism and occupational stress. In L. L. Cummings & B. M. Staw (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (Vol. 7, pp. 129‑170). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Folger, R., & Greenberg, J. (1985). Procedural justice: An interpretive analysis of personnel systems. In K. Rowland & G. Ferris (Eds.), Research in personnel and human resources management (Vol. 3, pp. 141‑183).  Greenwich, CT:  JAI Press.

New Concept Award, Organizational Behavior Division, Academy of Management (1986)

Folger, R. (1986). A referent cognitions theory of relative deprivation.  In J. M. Olson, C. P.

Herman, & M. P. Zanna (Eds.), Social comparison and relative deprivation: The Ontario symposium (Vol. 4, pp. 33‑55).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Folger, R.  (1986). Mediation, arbitration, and the psychology of procedural justice.  In R. J. Lewicki, B. H. Sheppard & M. H. Bazerman, (Eds.), Research on negotiation in organizations (Vol. 1, pp. 57-79).  Greenwich, CT:  JAI Press.

Folger, R.  (1986). Rethinking equity theory:  A referent cognitions model.  In H. W. Bierhoff, R. C. Cohen, & J. Greenberg (Eds.), Justice in social relations (pp. 145‑162).  New York:  Plenum.

Folger, R., & Martin, C.  (1986). Relative deprivation and referent cognitions:  Distributive and procedural justice effects.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22, 531‑546.

Watson, D., Pennebaker, J., & Folger, R.  (1986). Beyond negative affectivity:  Measuring stress and satisfaction in the workplace.  Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 8(2), 141‑157.

Folger, R.  (1987). Distributive and procedural justice in the workplace.  Social Justice Research, 1, 143‑159.

Folger, R. (1987). Reformulating the preconditions of resentment:  A referent cognitions model.  In J. C. Masters & W. P. Smith (Eds.), Social comparison, justice, and relative deprivation:  Theoretical, empirical, and policy perspectives (pp.183‑215).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Folger, R. (1987). Theory and method in social science.  Contemporary Social Psychology, 12, 51-54.

Konovsky, M., Folger, R., & Cropanzano, R. (1987). Relative effects of procedural and distributive justice on employee attitudes.  Representative Research in Social Psychology, 17, 15-24.

Cropanzano, R., & Folger, R. (1989). Referent cognitions and task decision autonomy: Beyond equity theory.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 293-299.

Folger, R., & Konovsky, M. A. (1989). Effects of procedural justice, distributive justice, and reactions to pay raise decisions.  Academy of Management Journal, 32, 115-130.

Folger, R. (1989). Significance tests and the duplicity of binary decisions.  Psychological Bulletin, 106, 155-160.

Folger, R., & Bies, R. J. (1989). Managerial responsibilities and procedural justice.  Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 2, 79-90.

Mindak, W., & Folger, R. (1990). Introduction:  Toward integration of marketing and organizational behavior in the service economy.  Journal of Business Research, 20, 1-3.

Mindak, W., & Folger, R. (Eds.) (1990). Marketing and Organizational Behavior in the Service Economy.  Special issue of the Journal of Business Research, vol. 20.

Cropanzano, R., & Folger, R. (1991).  Procedural justice and worker motivation.   In R. Steers & L. Porter (Eds.), Motivation and work behavior, pp. 131-143 (5th edition).  New York:  McGraw-Hill.

Also in 6th edition, Motivation and leadership at work (Steers, Porter, & G. Bigley, Eds.)

Folger, R. (1991).  Money, methods, and theory:  On taking Crano seriously.  Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 12, 391-404.

Konovsky, M. A., & Folger, R. (1991). The effects of procedures, social accounts, and benefits level on victims' layoff reactions.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 21, 630-650.

Brief, A. P. & Folger, R.  (1992). The workplace and problem drinking as seen by two novices. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 16, 1-9.

Folger, R.  (1992). On wanting what we do not have.  Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 13, 123-133.

Folger, R., Konovsky, M. A., & Cropanzano, R. (1992). A due process metaphor of performance appraisal.  In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior, (pp. 129-177).  Greenwich, CT:  JAI Press.

Folger, R., Timmerman, T., & Wooten, K.  (1992). Using personality data to predict entrepreneurship by outplaced executives.  In N. Churchill, S. Birley, W. D. Bygrave, D. F. Muzyka, C. Wahlbin, & W. E. Wetzel (Eds.), Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 1992 (pp. 63-74).  Babson, MA:  Babson Center for Entrepreneurial Studies.

Cobb, A. T., Folger, R., & Wooten, K. (1993). Establishing justice in times of organizational change.  Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, 191-195.

Craig, K. M., O'Neal, E. C., Taylor, S. L., Yost, E. A., Langley, T., Riklef, R., Allgower, A., & Folger, R. (1993). Equity and derogation of those against whom we have aggressed.  Aggressive Behavior, 19, 355-360.

Folger, R. (1993). Justice, motivation, and performance beyond role requirements.  Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 6, 239-248.

Folger, R. (1993). Reactions to mistreatment at work.  In K. Murnighan (Ed.), Social psychology in organizations:  Advances in theory and research (pp. 161-183)  Englewood Cliffs, NJ:  Prentice-Hall.

Folger, R., & Doherty, E. M. (1993). Perspectives on value creation:  Variations on the energization model.  Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 14, 421-436. 

Folger, R., & Lewis, D. (1993). Self-appraisal and fairness in evaluations.  In R. Cropanzano (Ed.), Justice in the workplace:  Approaching fairness in human resource management (pp. 107-131).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Monroy, T., & Folger, R.  (1993). A typology of entrepreneurial styles:  Beyond economic rationality.  Journal of Private Enterprise, 9(2), 64-78.

Brockner, J., Konovsky, M. A., Cooper, R., Folger, R., Bies, R. J., & Martin, C.  (1994). The interactive effects of procedural justice and outcome negativity on job loss victims and survivors.  Academy of Management Journal, 37, 397-409.

Browning, L. D., & Folger, R. (1994). Communication under conditions of litigation risk:  A grounded theory of plausible deniability in the Iran Contra affair.  In S. B. Sitkin & R. J. Bies (Eds.), The legalistic organization (pp. 251-280).  Newbury Park, CA:  Sage.

Folger, R. (1994). A review of Organizational justice:  The search for fairness in the workplace, by Blair H. Sheppard, Roy J. Lewicki, and John W. Minton.  Academy of Management Review, 19, 152-155.

Folger, R. (1994). Workplace justice and employee worth.  Social Justice Research, 7, 1-16.

Cobb, A. T., Folger, R., & Wooten, K. C. (1995). The role justice plays in organizational change.  Public Administration Quarterly, 19, 135-151.

Cobb, A. T., Wooten, K. C., & Folger, R. (1995). Justice in the making:  Toward understanding the theory and practice of justice in organizational change and development. In W. A. Pasmore & R. W. Woodman (Eds.), Research in organizational change and development (pp. 243-295).  Greenwich, CT:  JAI Press.

Folger, R., Sheppard, B. H., & Buttram, R. (1995). Three faces of justice. In J. Rubin & B. Bunker (Eds.), Cooperation, conflict, and justice (pp. 261-289). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Im, J. H., Hartman, S. J., & Folger, R. (1995). Participation in American versus JIT systems: Is it the same?  The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 3, 138-155.

Folger, R. (1996). Distributive and procedural justice: Multi-faceted meanings and interrelations.  Social Justice Research, 9, 395-416.

Folger, R., & Baron, R. A. (1996). Violence and hostility at work: A model of reactions to perceived injustice. In G. R. VandenBos & E. Q. Bulatao (Eds.), Violence on the job: Identifying risks and developing solutions (pp. 51-85).  Washington, DC:  American Psychological Association.

Folger, R., Cropanzano, R., Timmerman, T. A., Howes, J. C., & Mitchell, D. (1996).  Elaborating procedural fairness: Justice becomes both simpler and more complex. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 435-441.

Bobocel, D.R., McCline, R.L., & Folger, R.  (1997). Letting them down gently: Conceptual advances in explaining controversial organizational policies.  In C. L. Cooper & D. M. Rousseau (Eds.), Trends in organizational behavior (pp. 73-88).  Sussex, England:  Wiley & Sons.

Folger, R. (1997). Distributive justice.  In L. H. Peters, S. A. Youngblood, & C. R. Greer (Eds.), The Blackwell dictionary of human resource management (pp. 271-272).  Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Also published as a 1998 entry in C. L. Cooper & C. Argyris (Eds.), The Concise Blackwell Encyclopedia of Management. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers 

Folger, R. (1997). Procedural justice.  In L. H. Peters, S. A. Youngblood, & C. R. Greer (Eds.), The Blackwell dictionary of human resource management (pp. 79-80).  Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Also published as a 1998 entry in C. L. Cooper & C. Argyris (Eds.), The Concise Blackwell Encyclopedia of Management. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers 

Skarlicki, D. P., & Folger, R. (1997). Retaliation in the workplace: The roles of distributive, procedural, and interactional justice.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 82, 434-443.

Cortina, J., & Folger, R. (1998). When is it acceptable to accept the null hypothesis:  No way, José?  Organizational Research Methods, 1, 334-350.

Folger, R. (1998). Fairness as a moral virtue.  In M. Schminke (Ed.), Managerial ethics: 

Morally managing people and processes (pp. 13-34).  Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Folger, R., Robinson, S. L., Dietz, J., McLean-Parks, J., & Baron, R. A. (1998). When colleagues become violent: Employee threats and assaults as a function of societal violence and organizational injustice. Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings of the 58th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management.

Best Paper Award (tie), Organizational Behavior Division, Academy of Management   

Folger, R., & Skarlicki, D. P. (1998). A popcorn metaphor for workplace violence.  In R. W. Griffin, A. O’Leary-Kelly, & J. Collins (Eds.), Dysfunctional behavior in organiza-tions, Vol. 1: Violent behaviors in organizations (pp. 43-81). Greenwich, CT:  JAI Press.

Folger, R., & Skarlicki, D. P. (1998). When tough times make tough bosses: Managerial distancing as a function of layoff blame.  Academy of Management Journal, 41, 79-87.

Bowen, D.E., Gilliland, S.W., & Folger, R. (1999). HRM and service fairness: How being fair with employees spills over to customers. Organizational Dynamics, 27(3), 7-23.

Reprinted in R. S. Schuler & S. E. Jackson (Eds.),(1999). Strategic Human Resource Management (pp. 264-281). Malden, MA: Blackwell 

Folger, R. (1999). Review of “Social justice in a diverse society” by Tyler, Boeckmann, Smith & Huo. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44(4) 839-842.

Folger, R., & Skarlicki, D. P. (1999). Unfairness and resistance to change: Hardship as mistreatment. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 12, 35-50.

Folger, R., & Turillo, C. J. (1999). Theorizing as the thickness of thin abstraction. Academy of Management Review, 24, 742-758.

In 10th Anniversary Special Topic Forum on Theory Development, Academy of Management Review

Sapienza, H. J., Korsgaard, M. A., Folger, R., Sagrera, C, & Zhang, C. (1999). A behavioral view of partnership formation in investor-entrepreneur dyads [summary]. In P. D. Reynolds, E. Autio, C. D. Brush, W. D. Bygrave, S. Manigart, H. J. Sapienza, & K. Shaver (Eds.), Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 1999 (p. 351).  Babson, MA:  Babson Center for Entrepreneurial Studies.

Skarlicki, D. P., Folger, R., & Tesluk, P. (1999). Personality as a moderator in the relationship between fairness and retaliation. Academy of Management Journal, 42, 100-108.

Timmerman, T., Wooten, K., & Folger, R. (1999). The use of personality and the five-factor model to predict new business ventures: From outplacement to start-up. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54, 82-101.

Folger, R., & Kass, E. (2000). Social comparison and fairness: A counterfactual simulations perspective. In J. Suls & L. Wheeler (Eds.), Handbook of social comparison: Theory and research (pp. 423-441). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.

Folger, R. (2001). Fairness as deonance. S. W. Gilliland, D. D. Steiner & D. P. Skarlicki (Eds.), Research in social issues in management (pp. 3-31). Information Age Publishers.

Folger, R. (2001). Review of “Preventing Workplace Violence,” by Mark Braverman. Aggressive Behavior, 27, 73-74.

Folger, R., & Skarlicki, D. P. (2001).  Fairness as a dependent variable: Why tough times can lead to bad management. In R. Cropanzano (Ed.), Justice in the workplace: Vol. 2. From theory to practice (pp. 97-118). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Folger, R., and Cropanzano, R. (2001).  Fairness theory: Justice as accountability.  In J. Greenberg & R. Cropanzano (Eds.), Advances in organizational justice (pp. 1-55). Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Manigart, S.,Korsgaard, M. A., Folger, R., Sapienza, H. J., & Baeyens, K. (2001). The impact of trust on private equity contracts. In W. D. Bygraves, E. Autio, C. G. Brush, P. Davidson, P. G. Green, P. D. Reynolds, & H. J., Sapienza, (Eds.), Frontiers of entrepreneurship research 2001 (pp. 494-502). Babson Park, MA: Babson College.

Folger, R., & Pugh, S. D. (2002). The just world and Winston Churchill: An approach/ avoidance conflict about psychological distance when harming victims. In M. Ross & D. T. Miller (Eds.), The justice motive in social life: Essays in honor of Melvin Lerner (pp. 168-186). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Turillo, C. J., Folger, R., Lavelle, J., Umphress, E., & Gee, J. (2002). Is virtue its own reward? Self-sacrificial decisions for the sake of fairness. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 89, 839-865.

Aquino, K., Grover, S. L., Goldman, B., & Folger, R. (2003). When push doesn’t come to shove: Interpersonal forgiveness in workplace relationships. Journal of Management Inquiry, 12, 209-216.

Brockner, J., Heuer, L., Magner, N., Folger, R., Umphress, E., Van den Bos, K., Vermunt, R., Magner, M., Siegel, P. (2003). High procedural fairness heightens the effect of outcome favorability on self-evaluations: An attributional analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 91, 59-68.

Cropanzano, R., Goldman, B., & Folger, R. (2003). Deontic justice: The role of moral principles in workplace fairness. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 1019-1024

Dietz, J., Robinson, S. L., Folger, R., Baron, R. A., Schulz, M. (2003). The impact of societal violence and an organization’s procedural justice climate on workplace aggression. Academy of Management Journal, 46, 317-326.

Skarlicki, D. P. & Folger, R. (2003). Introduction to HRMR special issue: Organizational justice and human resource management. Human Resource Management Review, 13(1) 1-5.

Husted, B. W., & Robert Folger, R. (2004). Fairness and Transaction Costs: The Contribution of Organizational Justice Theory to an Integrative Model of Economic Organization. Organization Science: A Journal of the Institute of Management Sciences 15 (6):719-729.

Skarlicki, D. P., & Folger R. (2004). Broadening our understanding of organizational retaliatory behavior. In R. W. Griffin & A. O’Leary-Kelly (Eds.), The dark side of organizational behavior. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Skarlicki, D. P., Folger R., & Gee, J. (2004). When social accounts backfire: The exacerbating effects of a polite message or an apology on reactions to an unfair outcome. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34(2) 322-341.

Connelly, D. L., & Folger, R. (in press). Hidden bias: The effects of relational models on perceptions of fairness in human resource systems. In N. Haslam (Ed.), Relational models theory: Advances and prospects. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Folger, R. (2004). Justice and employment: Moral retribution as a contra-subjugation tendency. In J. A-M. Coyle-Shapiro, L.M. Shore, M.S. Taylor, & L.E. Tetrick, (Eds.) The employment relationship: Examining psychological and contextual perspectives.  Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Folger, R., & Butz, R. (2004). Relational models, “deonance,” and moral antipathy toward the powerfully unjust. In N. Haslam (Ed.), Relational models theory: Advances and prospects. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Folger, R., Cropanzano, R., & Goldman, B. (in press). What is the role of accountability in perceptions of organizational justice? In J. Greenberg & J. A. Colquitt (Eds.), Handbook of organizational justice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Folger, R., & Skarlicki, D. P. (in press). Beyond counterproductive work behavior: Moral emotions and deontic retaliation vs. reconciliation. In S. Fox and P. Spector (Eds.), Counterproductive workplace behavior: An integration of both actor and recipient perspectives on causes and consequences. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.

BOOKS

Folger, R. (Ed.) (1984).The sense of injustice: Social psychological perspectives. New York: Plenum.

Folger, R., & Cropanzano, R. (1998).  Organizational justice and human resource management. Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage.

“Outstanding Book Award,” International Association for Conflict Management (1999) 

Greenberg, J., & Folger, R. (1988).  Controversial issues in social research methods.  New York:  Springer-Verlag.

Other Work in Progress (partial listing):

Burrows, J. W., & Folger, R. Virtual swift trust: Behavioral effects in nationally heterogeneous dyadic teams.  (under review)

Folger, R., Umphress, E., Van den Bos, K., & Vermunt, R. Fairness-mutated identity: How procedural justice affects the ups and downs of self-esteem.

Kaufman, J. D., Tesluk, P., & Folger, R. Perceived organizational support and citizenship behaviors: Evidence of moderation.   (under review)

Skarlicki, D. P., Folger, R., & Klimiuk, J. Do Fairness Perceptions Predict Job Performance?

Last Updated: Friday, January 07, 2011.